Introduction

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Dr. Seyed Moosa Hejazi was the founder of novel psychiatric hospitals in Khorasan province and Iran. He was born in 1888 in Tehran. After finishing primary education, he continued studying in Dar ul-Funun, Tehran and moved to Mashhad, where he became the first head of Razi Daralshfa (medical center), which was renamed to Razi Clinic of Mashhad in the following years. During the same period, Dr. Hejazi was appointed as the first forensic specialist of Khorasan province and continued to pay services in this position until the end of his life. After him, the position was occupied by Dr. Nasravi, pathology specialist and university professor.

With a kind heart and utter devotion to helping the needy and underprivileged, Dr. Moosa Hejazi became engaged with the conditions of psychiatric patients who were kept under hideous circumstances, disowned by their families and the society and bounded in chains, basements and dark corners. At that time, a common misconception was that these patients were under spells or haunted with no chance for recovery and treatment. However, Dr. Hejazi believed that they were only diseased and could be treated like other people who had physical illnesses. Therefore, with the contributions of the city hall and some benefactors of the time, he chose a location in Docharkheh (Bicycle) Square (currently Mehran Hall, end of Khaki Intersection) to institutionalize psychiatric patients and provide them with care services. This place is still known as the "Asylum Alley".

After a while, the increasing number of the patients urged the need for a larger space. As such, Dr. Hejazi asked for the help of Astan Qods Razavi, and with his tireless efforts, a new building was made in the location as a psychiatric hospital. It is said that Dr. Moosa Hejazi spent his own income on the care and sheltering of psychiatric patients in addition to the charity he received for this purpose.

In 1949, Dr. Hejazi Psychiatric Hospital was started, which lightened the burden on the society and relieved the outrageous conditions of these patients. As the chairman of this institution, he constantly offered healthcare services to the residents of this hospital.

Due to the increasing burden of psychiatric patients, Ibn-e-Sina Psychiatric Hospital was started in 1980, under the title of "Comprehensive Psychiatric Center" in Ahmad Abad street of Mashhad. Following that, this institution was relocated to Ferdowsi square of Mashhad and continued its activities as "Razi Hospital", supported by the Social Security Organization. In 1988, Razi Hospital was moved to a new location and the name was changed to Ibn-e-Sina Hospital.  

In 2000, Shafa Center for Mental and Psychiatric Health, which was a healthcare center affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, was abolished and all the tasks and missions of the center were assigned to Ibn-e-Sina Hospital. Naturally, this change augmented the responsibilities and duties of this hospital.

Currently, Dr. Hejazi and Ibn-e-Sina psychiatric hospitals are among the major mental disorder institutions in our country, which offer education, research and treatment services for a wide range of hospitalized cases and outpatients with psychiatric illnesses in North, South and Razavi Khorasan provinces, as well as the other regions in the east of Iran.   

     

 

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